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March 2018 Mortgage Monitor

Home Prices See Strongest Start to Any Year Since 2005; San Jose’s 12-Month Growth Greater than Median Prices in Half of 100 Largest Markets

  • Median home prices rose by 1.24 percent nationally since the start of 2018, with both January and February having their strongest respective single-month growth rates since 2005
  • The rate of national home price appreciation has continued to accelerate as interest rates are rising, further tightening affordability in 2018
  • Western states are seeing the highest rates of appreciation, representing all 11 markets with 10 percent or higher annual growth
  • The median home price in San Jose, Calif., has risen 24.1 percent in the last 12 months to $1.17 million, with the rate of appreciation increasing by more than 18 percent from the 6 percent seen at the start of 2017
  • More than half of the nation’s 100 largest markets have median home prices less than the $226,000 annual increase seen in San Jose
  • Of the nearly 28 million borrowers in 30-year mortgages originated in 2012 or later, fewer than 45,000 have 75 basis points of interest rate incentive to refinance and meet broad-based eligibility requirements

JACKSONVILLE, Fla. – May 7, 2018 – Today, the Data & Analytics division of Black Knight, Inc. (NYSE:BKI) released its latest Mortgage Monitor Report, based on data as of the end of March 2018. This month, leveraging data from the Black Knight Home Price Index, the company finds that 2018 home prices have seen the strongest gains to start any year since 2005. Home price growth has been widespread – 98 of the largest markets and 97 percent of 916 observed Core Based Statistical Areas (CBSAs) have all had annual increases, with the Western United States seeing some of the greatest gains. As Black Knight Data & Analytics Executive Vice President Ben Graboske explained, acceleration in the annual rate of home price appreciation at the national level continued through February, but that acceleration is not being seen in all markets.

“At the national level, home prices rose 1.24 percent since the start of 2018, with both January and February having their strongest respective single-month growth rates in 13 years,” said Graboske. “As of the end of February, home prices had risen 6.65 percent from a year ago, a metric that continues to increase. The rate of appreciation has accelerated by 42 basis points over the past six months and by 72 basis points over the past 12 months. This acceleration, combined with a nearly 40 basis point increase in the prevailing 30-year fixed interest rate during that same time frame, is creating a tighter affordability climate. We have now seen monthly increases in the national median home price for 27 of the past 28 months, and annual gains for 70 consecutive months.

“While almost all markets are seeing home prices rise, rates of appreciation vary across the country with the highest being seen in Western states. In fact, of the 11 markets with price gains of 10 percent or more, all 11 are in the Western United States. Across the country, we see an approximately 60-40 split in the number of markets experiencing home price appreciation vs. those with some degree of deceleration. By far, the heaviest areas of acceleration are San Jose and Las Vegas. The former has seen the rate of appreciation increase by 18 percent from just under six percent at the start of 2017 to a 24.1 percent annual rise in home prices as of February. The median home price in San Jose now stands at $1.17 million – the highest of any metro – an increase of $226,000 from just one year ago. To put that in perspective, more than half of the nation’s 100 largest markets have median home prices below this $226,000 annual growth in San Jose’s median home price. In Las Vegas, which has now surpassed Seattle as the second fastest-appreciating market nationwide, home prices are up nearly 15 percent from last year. Even so, Las Vegas home prices remain 22 percent below their pre-recession peak.”

The month’s data also showed the continued impact of rising mortgage interest rates on the population of borrowers who could both likely qualify for and gain a rate benefit from refinancing. There are now nearly 2 million fewer refinance candidates than there were entering 2018, a 46 percent decline. The total number of refinance candidates now stands at 2.3 million, the fewest since November 2008, when interest rates were above 6.0 percent. Additionally, the incentive for borrowers to refinance in order to lower their interest rates is all but non-existent among mortgages originated in the past five years. Of the nearly 28 million borrowers with 30-year mortgages originated in 2012 or later, fewer than 45,000 have 75 basis points of interest rate incentive to refinance while also meeting broad-based eligibility requirements.

As was reported in Black Knight’s most recent First Look news release, other key results include:

​Total U.S. loan delinquency rate:


​Month-over-month change in delinquency rate:


​Total U.S. foreclosure pre-sale inventory rate:


​Month-over-month change in foreclosure pre-sale inventory rate:


States with highest percentage of non-current* loans:


States with lowest percentage of non-current* loans:


​States with highest percentage of seriously delinquent** loans:


*Non-current totals combine foreclosures and delinquencies as a percent of active loans in that state
**Seriously delinquent loans are those past-due 90 days or more.

Totals are extrapolated based on Black Knight’s loan-level database of mortgage assets.

About Mortgage Monitor

The Data & Analytics division of Black Knight manages the nation’s leading repository of loan-level residential mortgage data and performance information covering the majority of the overall market, including tens of millions of loans across the spectrum of credit products and more than 160 million historical records. The combined insight of the Black Knight HPI and Collateral Analytics’ home price and real estate data provides one of the most complete, accurate and timely measures of home prices available, covering 95% of U.S. residential properties down to the ZIP-code level. In addition, the company maintains one of the most robust public property records databases available, covering 99.9% of the U.S. population and households from more than 3,100 counties.

Black Knight’s research experts carefully analyze this data to produce a summary supplemented by dozens of charts and graphs that reflect trend and point-in-time observations for the monthly Mortgage Monitor Report. To review the full report, visit:

About Black Knight

Black Knight, Inc. (NYSE:BKI) is an award-winning software, data and analytics company that drives innovation in the mortgage lending and servicing and real estate industries, as well as the capital and secondary markets. Businesses leverage our robust, integrated solutions across the entire homeownership life cycle to help retain existing customers, gain new customers, mitigate risk and operate more effectively.

Our clients rely on our proven, comprehensive, scalable products and our unwavering commitment to delivering superior client support to achieve their strategic goals and better serving their customers. For more information on Black Knight, please visit

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